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Operation Launched by the UN forces

Historical Sites of the Incheon Landing
The recent success of the movie 'Operation Chromite' has drawn a great deal of interest to the historical sites of the Incheon Landing Operation launched by the UN forces during the Korean War (1950-1953). Let us visit the sites and remember those who sacrificed their lives during the war to defend freedom in the Republic of Korea.
Palmido Lighthouse
Palmido Island is an islet located 15.7 kilometers southwest of Incheon Port. The island name Palmido (literally "the tip of the number eight island") is so named as the two islands lying north and south form the shape of the number eight during ebb tides. The beautiful island is also significant in that the country's first lighthouse was built on it.
More importantly, the most critical mission during the Incheon Landing Operation was the secret mission called "Light the Palmido Lighthouse" carried out by a special intelligence unit. The movie 'Operation Chromite' well describes how the members of the unit risked their lives to fulfill the mission and light the lighthouse for the naval vessels of the UN forces.
Palmido Island was closed to the public until 2009 for security reasons. The Palmido Lighthouse tour starts at Yeonan Passenger Terminal of Incheon Port. The boat trip on a ship called the Palmido Cruise takes about 45 minutes. The entire trip takes around two hours and thirty minutes.
When passengers arrive at Palmido Island, licensed guides give detailed explanations about the island and the lighthouse. You can then follow the guide on the walking tour of the island or enjoy the tour by yourself at your own pace. On the wall between the port and the lighthouse located at the peak of the island, there are murals depicting the Palmido lighthouse and the UN forces fighting in the Battle of Incheon, designed to recapture the occupied capital of the country.
Halfway to the lighthouse is a sculpture called 'The Light of One Thousand Years’ built in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Palmido Lighthouse.
At the peak, you can see two lighthouses. The smaller one on the left is the original Palmido lighthouse. The one behind it is a new lighthouse which was completed in 2003 to replace the original one that had been operational for 100 years. Go up to the 4th floor. From the Sky Garden Observatory, you can enjoy the magnificent blue waters of the West Sea.
At the crack of dawn on September 15, 1950, the UN landing forces were able to navigate towards Wolmido Island and change the history of the Republic of Korea and Northeast Asia.
Wolmido, the Fiercest Battle Site of the Incheon Landing Operation
The Incheon Landing Operation codenamed as 'Operation Chromite' began at Wolmido Island despite the overwhelming opposition that Incheon was inappropriate for a massive landing operation because of the drastic difference in low tides and high tides in the area. The Green Beach (Wolmido called in the military operation) was the first target to recover from the enemy on that morning. The UN forces attacked Blue Beach and Red Beach along the shores of Incheon on that afternoon.
In that context, don't miss out on the Green Beach battle site in northern part of Wolmido Island. The UN landing forces set foot here for the first time although the exact spot has changed into reclaimed land with a signboard witnessing the start of the historic landing operation.
Wolmido Island has a beautiful 2-kilometer walking trail dotted with several old trees called 'Wolmi Peace Trees' that survived the fierce battle. As depicted well in the movie, it was in Wolmido where Jang Hak-su (acted by Lee Jung-jae) and Lim Gye-jin (acted by Lee Beom-soo) fought their final battle during the war.
From the Wolmi Observatory, you can see the whole city of Incheon. The port of Incheon is an artificial port with Asia's largest floodgate facilities designed to overcome a tidal difference of 10 meters. You can see the floodgates close by.
Jayu Park with the Statue of General Douglas MacArthur
Jayu Park is approximately 30 minutes away from Wolmi Park on foot although the linear distance between the two locations is just 1.2 kilometers. Jayu Park has been a park ever since the city opened its port and began to be modernized in the 19th century. The park is home to the statue of General Douglas MacArthur who led the landing operation as the commander of the UN forces during the Korean War.
The general faces Wolmido Island as if it is to remind us what happened there just several decades ago. Wolmido Park is also home to a tower erected to honor sacrifices made by the members of the Incheon Voluntary Student Army during the Korean War, among others.
The Incheon Landing Operation Memorial Hall
The Incheon Landing Operation Memorial Hall was constructed with the purposes of preserving the historic facts of the great military operation, enhancing bond with the foreign countries that participated in the UN efforts to save the Republic of Korea, and using the place as first-hand education about the value of fighting to protect freedom and democracy. Inside the hall, diverse historical materials related to the operation such as small firearms and guided missiles are featured, and armored vehicles and fighter jets are exhibited outside the hall.
In 1950, the political leaders of the United States opposed the ‘Incheon Landing Operation' for various reasons including narrow waterways, the sharp difference between ebb and rising tides, and rapid tidal currents. General MacArthur persisted and pulled through it overcoming what he admitted as the ‘5,000-to-1 odds.' Because of its extremely low practicability, the military operation turned out to be a great success that will go down in history as one of the most successful military operations.
What seemed impossible became a reality only because of a leader's monumental bravery and numerous people's sacrifices. Come to Incheon to learn more about the Incheon Landing Operation and the sacrifices made by brave souls from around the world during the Korean War.